A first-in-class and a fished out anticancer platinum compound: cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] and cis-[PtI2(NH3)2] compared for their reactivity towards DNA model systems
Domenica Musumeci, Chiara Platella, Claudia Riccardi, Antonello Merlino, Tiziano Marzo, Lara Massai, Luigi Messori, Daniela Montesarchio
Contrary to what was believed for many years, cis-PtI2(NH3)2, the diiodido analogue of cisplatin, displays high in vitro antiproliferative activity toward a set of tumour cell lines, overcoming resistance to cisplatin in a platinum-resistant cancer cell line. In the context of a general reappraisal of iodinated Pt(II) derivatives, aiming at a more systematic evaluation of their chemical and biological profiles, here we report on the reactivity of cis-PtI2(NH3)2 with selected DNA model systems, in single, double strand or G-quadruplex form, using cisplatin as a control. A combined approach has been exploited in this study, including circular dichroism (CD), UV-visible spectroscopy and electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) analyses. The data reveal that cis-PtI2(NH3)2 shows an overall reactivity towards the investigated oligonucleotides significantly higher than cisplatin.
Circular dichroism, DNA structure, Ligand binding, Biochemistry, Medicinal