A novel heptapeptide derived from Crassostrea gigas shows anticoagulant activity by targeting for thrombin active domain
Shuzhen Cheng, Maolin Tu, Hanxiong Liu, Yue An, Ming Du, Beiwei Zhu
A novel food-derived anticoagulant heptapeptides (P-3-CG) was isolated and characterized from oyster (Crassostrea gigas) pepsin hydrolysate. P-3-CG competed with fibrinogen against thrombin active domain by a spontaneous and exothermic reaction which was entropically driven. The residue Lys7 of P-3-CG anchored thrombin S1 pocket strongly, which inhibited fibrinogen binding to the thrombin, then blocked the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin. The fibrinogen clotting time was prolonged to 27.55 s, and the reciprocally authenticated results of dynamic light scattering and scanning electron microscope further explained for fibrinogen clotting time extension. Inhibition of amidolytic activity of thrombin was affected significantly by reaction time and P-3-CG concentration. Furthermore, P-3-CG prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time significantly in vitro/vivo, and decreased the mortality which was confirmed by pulmonary pathological slide results. The obtained results demonstrated that P-3-CG may potentially serve as an alternative food-derived anticoagulant peptide that could be utilized for thrombosis prevention.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Food science, Biochemistry