Amyloid-like aggregates formation by blood plasma fibronectin
Rümeyza Bascetin, Khadija Admane, Rémy Agniel, Thomas Boudou, Tristan Doussineau, Rodolphe Antoine, Olivier Gallet, Johanne Leroy-Dudal, Charlotte Vendrely
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fibronectin (FN) is a multifunctional glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix (ECM) playing critical roles in physiological and pathological cell processes like adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. These various functions of FN are modulated by its supramolecular state. Indeed, FN can polymerize into different types of assemblies like fibrils and aggregates. However, the mechanism of polymerization and the effects of such assemblies on cell behaviors still remain to be elucidated. Here we show that upon irreversible thermal denaturation, human blood plasma fibronectin forms high molecular weight aggregates. These compact and globular aggregates show amyloid features: they are stabilized by intermolecular b-sheets, they bind Thioflavin T and they are resistant to reducing and denaturing agents. Their characterization by electrospray ionization charge detection mass spectrometry shows that two populations can be distinguished according to the mass and charge density. Despite their amyloid features and the presence of hydrophobic patches on their surface, these aggregates are not toxic for cells. However, their binding abilities to gelatin and RGD are drastically decreased compare to native FN, suggesting possible effects on ECM-cell interactions.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Thermal stability, Thermodynamics, Protein denaturation, Aggregation, Biochemistry