Bias-free solar hydrogen production at 19.8 mA cm−2 using perovskite photocathode and lignocellulosic biomass
Yuri Choi, Rashmi Mehrotra, Sang-Hak Lee, Trang Vu Thien Nguyen, Inhui Lee, Jiyeong Kim, Hwa-Young Yang, Hyeonmyeong Oh, Hyunwoo Kim, Jae-Won Lee, Yong Hwan Kim, Sung-Yeon Jang, Ji-Wook Jang & Jungki Ryu
Solar hydrogen production is one of the ultimate technologies needed to realize a carbon-neutral, sustainable society. However, an energy-intensive water oxidation half-reaction together with the poor performance of conventional inorganic photocatalysts have been big hurdles for practical solar hydrogen production. Here we present a photoelectrochemical cell with a record high photocurrent density of 19.8 mA cm−2 for hydrogen production by utilizing a high-performance organic–inorganic halide perovskite as a panchromatic absorber and lignocellulosic biomass as an alternative source of electrons working at lower potentials. In addition, value-added chemicals such as vanillin and acetovanillone are produced via the selective depolymerization of lignin in lignocellulosic biomass while cellulose remains close to intact for further utilization. This study paves the way to improve solar hydrogen productivity and simultaneously realize the effective use of lignocellulosic biomass.
solar, hydrogen, production, perovskite, photocathode, lignocellulosic, biomass