Boronate sol–gel method for one-step fabrication of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel coatings by simple cast- and dip-coating techniques
Ryuhei Nishiyabu, Yuki Takahashi, Taro Yabuki, Shoji Gommori, Yuki Yamamoto, Hiroaki Kitagishi, Yuji Kubo
The self-assembly of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and benzene-1,4-diboronic acid (DBA) is employed as a sol–gel method for one-step fabrication of hydrogel coatings with versatile functionalities. A mixture of PVA and DBA in aqueous ethanol is prepared as a coating agent. The long pot life of the mixture allows for the coating of a wide range of materials with hydrogel films by simple cast- and dip-coating techniques. The resultant films show negligible dissolution in water and the intrinsic hydrophilicity of PVA provides the films with functional properties, such as improved antifogging property and resistance to protein and cell fouling. The self-assembling process shows adaptive inclusion properties toward nanoscale materials, such as metal–organic coordination polymers and inorganic nanoparticles, affording composite films. Furthermore, the coating film exhibits a unique secondary functionalization reactivity toward boronic acid-appended fluorescent dyes, through which a variety of materials are converted into fluorescent materials.
Fluorescence, Quantum yield, Materials