Collective total synthesis of C4-oxygenated securinine-type alkaloids via stereocontrolled diversifications on the piperidine core
Sangbin Park, Gyumin Kang, Chansu Kim, Dongwook Kim & Sunkyu Han
Securinega alkaloids have fascinated the synthetic chemical community for over six decades. Historically, major research foci in securinega alkaloid synthesis have been on the efficient construction of the fused tetracyclic framework that bears a butenolide moiety and tertiary amine-based heterocycles. These “basic” securinega alkaloids have evolved to undergo biosynthetic oxidative diversifications, especially on the piperidine core. However, a general synthetic solution to access these high-oxidation state securinega alkaloids is lacking. In this study, we have completed the total synthesis of various C4-oxygenated securinine-type alkaloids including securingines A, C, D, securitinine, secu’amamine D, phyllanthine, and 4-epi-phyllanthine. Our synthetic strategy features stereocontrolled oxidation, rearrangement, and epimerization at N1 and C2–C4 positions of the piperidine core within (neo)securinane scaffolds. Our discoveries provide a fundamental synthetic solution to all known securinine-type natural products with various oxidative and stereochemical variations around the central piperidine ring.
stereochemical, alkaloids, piperidine core