Consequence of macromolecular crowding on aggregation propensity and structural stability of haemoglobin under glycating conditions
Samra Hasan, Aabgeena Naeem
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Cell interiors are extremely congested with biological macromolecules exerting crowding effect, influencing various physiognomies of protein life. Present work deals with effect of crowding on folding behaviour of haemoglobin (Hb) under glycating conditions. Macromolecular crowding was mimicked by concentrated solutions of dextran 70. Hb with 0.2 M fructose and ribose was incubated separately for 96 h in dilute and crowded solution to analyse conformational changes. Reduced intrinsic and ANS fluorescence, decreased Soret absorbance, enhanced turbidity, browning of protein, red shift in ThT and Congo red spectra significantly unveiled protein aggregation. FTIR and CD results revealed transition from α-helix to β-sheets confirming aggregation. Transmission electron microscopy exhibited incidence of aggregates. Macromolecular crowding was witnessed to defend conformational stability of native Hb under stress condition at 100 mg/ml dextran, noticeably indicating deceleration of aggregation. Stabilising effect of crowding was marginally better in fructosylated Hb than with ribose due to difference in their glycation potential. Contrarily, in over-crowded solution where dextran concentration was 500 mg/ml, heightened aggregation was perceived implying concentration dependant, dual nature of macromolecular crowding. The novelty of this study lies in idea of considering macromolecular crowding as a key player in regulation of protein stability which was safely ignored previously.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Aggregation, Biochemistry