Double helical π-aggregate nanoarchitectonics for amplified circularly polarized luminescence
Yuan Wang, Dian Niu, Guanghui Ouyang & Minghua Liu
The canonical double helical π-stacked array of base pairs within DNA interior has inspired the interest in supramolecular double helical architectures with advanced electronic, magnetic and optical functions. Here, we report a selective-recognized and chirality-matched co-assembly strategy for the fabrication of fluorescent π-amino acids into double helical π-aggregates, which show exceptional strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). The single crystal structure of the optimal combination of co-assemblies shows that the double-stranded helical organization of these π-amino acids is cooperatively assisted by both CH-π and hydrogen-bond arrays with chirality match. The well-defined spatial arrangement of the π-chromophores could effectively suppress the non-radiative decay pathways and facilitate chiral exciton couplings, leading to superior CPL with a strong figure of merit (glum = 0.14 and QY = 0.76). Our findings might open a new door for developing DNA-inspired chiroptical materials with prominent properties by enantioselective co-assembly initiated double helical π-aggregation.
helical π-aggregate, nanoarchitectonics, CPL