Effect of Complexin II on Membrane Fusion between Liposomes Containing Mast Cell SNARE Proteins
Satoshi Taokoro, Naohide Hirashima, Naoko Utsunomiya-Tate
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Mast cells are involved in allergic responses and undergo exocytotic release of inflammatory mediators in response to antigen stimulation. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins are involved in this membrane fusion process; some SNARE-binding proteins regulate SNARE-dependent liposome membrane fusion. SNARE-binding protein complexin II is expressed in mast cells, where it positively regulates exocytotic release after antigen stimulation. We found that complexin II suppressed SNARE-dependent membrane fusion between mast cell SNARE-containing liposomes. This inhibitory effect of complexin II was abolished when we used a structurally divergent mutant (R59H) complexin II, where Arg59 is substituted with histidine. These results suggest that complexin II negatively regulates SNARE-dependent exocytotic membrane fusion in mast cells, and this inhibitory effect is dependent upon Arg59.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Pharmaceutical, Biochemistry