Effect of the fluorination degree of partially fluorinated octyl-phosphocholine surfactants on their interfacial properties and interactions with purple membrane as a membrane protein model
Teruhiko Baba, Toshiyuki Takagi, Kimio Sumaru, Toshiyuki Kanamori
Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Interfacial properties and membrane protein solubilization activity of a series of partially fluorinated octyl-phosphocholine (PC) surfactants were investigated from the viewpoint of the fluorination degree of the hydrophobic chain. The critical micelle concentration (CMC), surface tension lowering activity, molecular occupied area at the CMC and free energy changes of micellization as well as adsorption to the air-water interface for each PC surfactant were estimated from surface tension measurements at 25 °C. The PCs with higher degree of fluorination exhibited low CMC and high surface activity, while the single trifluoromethyl group at the end of the chain appeared to enhance the hydrophilicity of the surfactant molecule. Under conditions where conventional short-chain surfactants, n-octyl-β-D-glucoside, Triton X-100 and dioctanoylphosphatidylcholine significantly solubilize purple membranes (PM), none of the fluorinated-PCs solubilized PM. This suggests that fluorinated-PCs are low-invasive enough to maintain the structure of lipids/protein assemblies like PM.
Circular dichroism, Protein structure, Chemical stability, Vesicle interactions, Biochemistry