Fluorescent Nanoparticles Synthesized from DNA, RNA, and Nucleotides

September 27, 2021


Fluorescent Nanoparticles Synthesized from DNA, RNA, and Nucleotides


Maofei Wang






Ubiquitous on Earth, DNA and other nucleic acids are being increasingly considered as promising biomass resources. Due to their unique chemical structure, which is different from that of more common carbohydrate biomass polymers, materials based on nucleic acids may exhibit new, attractive characteristics. In this study, fluorescent nanoparticles (biodots) were prepared by a hydrothermal (HT) method from various nucleic acids (DNA, RNA, nucleotides, and nucleosides) to establish the relationship between the structure of precursors and fluorescent properties of biodots and to optimize conditions for preparation of the most fluorescent product. HT treatment of nucleic acids results in decomposition of sugar moieties and depurination/depyrimidation of nucleobases, while their consequent condensation and polymerization gives fluorescent nanoparticles. Fluorescent properties of DNA and RNA biodots are drastically different from biodots synthesized from individual nucleotides. In particular, biodots synthesized from purine-containing nucleotides or nucleosides show up to 50-fold higher fluorescence compared to analogous pyrimidine-derived biodots. The polymeric nature of a precursor disfavors formation of a bright fluorescent product. The reported effect of the structure of the nucleic acid precursor on the fluorescence properties of biodots should help designing and synthesizing brighter fluorescent nanomaterials with broader specification for bioimaging, sensing, and other applications


V-630 Bio


DNA, RNA,nucleotides, hydrothermal synthesis, nanoparticles, fluorescent nanomaterial, biodots