FtsA-FtsZ interaction in Vibrio cholerae causes conformational change of FtsA resulting in inhibition of ATP hydrolysis and polymerization
Debasish Nag, Abhisek Chatterjee, Gopal Chakrabarti
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Proper interaction between the divisome proteins FtsA and FtsZ is important for the bacterial cell division which is not well characterized till date. In this study, the objective was to understand the mechanism of FtsA-FtsZ interaction using full-length recombinant proteins. We cloned, over-expressed, purified and subsequently characterized FtsA of Vibrio cholerae (VcFtsA). We found that VcFtsA polymerization assembly was dependent on Ca2+ ions, which is unique among FtsA proteins reported until now. VcFtsA also showed ATPase activity and its assembly was ATP dependent. Binding parameters of the interaction between the two full-length proteins, VcFtsA, and VcFtsZ determined by fluorescence spectrophotometry yielded a Kd value of around 38 μM. The Kd value of the interaction was 3 μM when VcFtsA was in ATP bound state. We found that VcFtsZ after interacting with VcFtsA causes a change of secondary structure in the later one leading to loss of its ability to hydrolyze ATP, subsequently halting the VcFtsA polymerization. On the other hand, a double-mutant of VcFtsA (VcFtsA-D242E,R300E), that does not bind to VcFtsZ, polymerized in the presence of VcFtsZ. Though FtsA proteins among different organisms show 70–80% homology in their sequences, assembly of VcFtsA showed a difference in its regulatory processes.
Absorption, Quantitation, Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Ligand binding, Biochemistry