Glyoxal modification mediates conformational alterations in silk fibroin: Induction of fibrillation with amyloidal features
Journal of Biosciences
Silkworm silk protein fibroin is widely exploited to develop novel silk-based biomaterials due to its stable β-sheet structure, providing high crystallinity and tensile strength. The polymorphic behaviour of silk fibroin provides a window to modulate its structural transitions during self-assembly for different functional outcomes. Most studies are therefore mainly focused on formation of well-developed β-sheet structure and self-assembly of silk fibroin which are regulated by many parameters. Glyoxal, a highly reactive α-oxoaldehyde, reacts with different proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs) following Maillard-like reaction. Considering the significance of protein modification by glyoxal-derived AGEs, in the present study the effect of glyoxal (250, 500 and 1000 μM) on the structure of silk fibroin has been investigated. CD and fluorescence studies reveal that higher concentrations of the α-oxoaldehyde induce considerable alterations of secondary and tertiary structure of the protein leading to aggregation following incubation with for 3 weeks. The aggregates exhibit fibrillar morphology with amyloidal nature as evident from SEM, FTIR and XRD experiments. The findings highlight that glycation-induced modification can be a possible approach for modulating the conformation of the silk protein which may be relevant in connection to clinical, biomedical or synthetic biology based applications.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Tertiary structure, Aggregation, Biochemistry