Hereditary spastic paraplegia SPG13 mutation increases structural stability and ATPase activity of human mitochondrial chaperonin
Lingling Chen, Aiza Syed & Adhitya Balaji
Human mitochondrial chaperonin mHsp60 is broadly associated with various human health conditions and the V72I mutation in mHsp60 causes a form of hereditary spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disease. The main function of mHsp60 is to assist folding of mitochondrial proteins in an ATP-dependent manner. In this study, we unexpectedly found that mutant mHsp60V72I was more stable structurally and more active in the ATPase activity than the wildtype. Analysis of our recently solved cryo-EM structure of mHsp60 revealed allosteric roles of V72I in structural stability and ATPase activity, which were supported by studies including those using the V72A mutation. Despite with the increases in structural stability and ATPase activity, mHsp60V72I was less efficient in folding malate dehydrogenase, a putative mHsp60 substrate protein in mitochondria and also commonly used in chaperonin studies. In addition, although mHsp60V72I along with its cochaperonin mHsp10 was able to substitute the E. coli chaperonin system in supporting cell growth under normal temperature of 37 °C, it was unable under heat shock temperature of 42 °C. Our results support the importance of structural dynamics and an optimal ATP turnover that mHsp60 has evolved for its function and physiology. We propose that unproductive energy utilization, or hyperactive ATPase activity and compromised folding function, not mutually exclusive, are responsible for the V72I pathology in neurodegenerative disease.
SPG13, ATPase, structural stability