Highly oxygenated and rearranged limonoids from the stem barks of Entandrophragma utile
Seventeen highly oxygenated and rearranged limonoids, including nine previously undescribed phragmalin-type limonoids with 1,8,9- and 8,9,30-orthesters (entanutilins C–K, 1–9), three undescribed limonoids with rare rearranged-6/6/7/5 skeleton (entanutilins L-N, 10–12), and 5 known limonoids, were isolated from the stem barks of Entandrophragma utile from Ghana (Africa). Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated based on comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, such as HRESIMS, 1D/2D-NMR, CD exciton chirality method, time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT)/ECD calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Bioactivity screenings suggested that some of these compounds effectively reversed resistance in MCF-7/DOX cells at a nontoxic concentration of 30 μM with 6- to 19-fold enhancing effects.
Circular dichroism, Absolute configuration, Natural products, Pharmaceutical