Increasing the Assembly Efficacy of Peptidic β-Sheets for a Highly-Sensitive HIV Detection
Hongyan Cao, Ye Liu, Hongyan Sun, Zulan Li, Yuan Gao, Xinli Deng, Yiming Shao, Yulong Cong, Xingyu Jiang
Our recent publication illustrates the critical role of phenylalanine-mediated aromatic-aromatic interactions in determining the assembly of peptidic β-sheets. However, the effect of phenylalanine number on regulating the assembly efficacy of peptidic β-sheets remains poorly understood. We herein evaluate the assembly efficacy of β-sheets of a series of oligo-peptides which contain 0, 1, 2 or 3 phenylalanine in their molecular backbones. In our assembly system, two phenylalanine (2F) is the minimum number for driving the assembly of β-sheets of oligo-peptides. Oligo-peptides with three phenylalanine (3F) show significantly increased assembly efficacy of β-sheets than that with 2F. These results suggest a positive correlation between phenylalanine number and assembly efficacy of β-sheets. By improving the assembly efficacy of β-sheets, we further develop a highly-sensitive HIV analytical system in which the specific-binding of β-sheets with Congo Red induces enhanced fluorescence. For HIV p24 detection, 3F-based analytical system (0.61 pg/ml) shows a significantly lower limit of detection (LOD) than 2F-based analytical system (2.44 pg/ml), both of which are more sensitive than commercial ELISA (5 pg/ml) used in the clinic. This work not only illustrates the effect of phenylalanine number on regulating the assembly efficacy of β-sheets, but also provides a guideline for the construction of a highly-sensitive analytical system of disease diagnosis.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Biochemistry