Inkjet Printed Disposable High-Rate On-Paper Microsupercapacitors
Zheng Li, Virginia Ruiz, Viktoriia Mishukova, Qiansu Wan, Haomin Liu, Han Xhe, Yimg Gao, Gaolong Cao, Yuanyuan Li, Xiaogong Zhuang, Jonas Weissenrieder, Shi Cheng, Jiantong Li
ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
On-paper microsupercapacitors (MSCs) are a key energy storage component for disposable electronics that are anticipated to essentially address the increasing global concern of electronic waste. However, nearly none of the present on-paper MSCs combine eco-friendliness with high electrochemical performance (especially the rate capacity). In this work, highly reliable conductive inks based on the ternary composite of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), graphene quantum dots and graphene are developed for scalable inkjet printing of compact (footprint area ≈ 20 mm2) disposable MSCs on commercial paper substrates. Without any post treatment, the printed patterns attain a sheet resistance as low as 4 Ω ▫−1. The metal-free all-solid-state MSCs exhibit a maximum areal capacitance > 2 mF cm−2 at a high scan rate of 1000 mV s−1, long cycle life (>95% capacitance retention after 10 000 cycles), excellent flexibility, and long service time. Remarkably, the “totally metal-free” MSC arrays are fully inkjet printed on paper substrates and also exhibit high rate performance. The life cycle assessment indicates that these printed devices have much lower eco-toxicity and global warming potential than other on-paper MSCs.
microsupercapacitors, energy strage, electrochemical, graphens