Interaction between Gemini Dodecyl O-Glucosides-Based Multilayer Vesicles and β-Lactoglobulin: The Dominant Role of Surface Charge
Jin Feng, Lujing Xu, Hua Wang, Songbai Liu
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Novel Gemini dodecyl O-glucoside-based primary, secondary, and tertiary vesicles were developed in this work utilizing layer-by-layer deposition of polysaccharides (e.g., sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and chitosan), and their interaction with β-lactoglobulin (BLG) was carefully investigated. The increase of polysaccharide layers on primary vesicles led to a monotonic increase in size and consecutive reversal of surface charge. Polysaccharide deposition significantly retarded the vesicle aggregation and degradation of entrapped catechin laurate during storage. Steady-state fluorescence, isothermal titration calorimetry, and protein precipitation analyses revealed the surface charge dependence of the interactions between vesicles and a model milk protein BLG, which were much stronger when they were charged oppositely than when they presented the same type of surface charge. It was highlighted that the surface charge of vesicles could be tuned by differently charged coatings to accommodate to that of the milk proteins in the food matrix. This work will contribute to the practical application of niosomal vesicles loaded with bioactive compounds to fortify dairy products.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Vesicle interactions, Biochemistry, Food science