Interaction mechanism between α-glucosidase and A-type trimer procyanidin revealed by integrated spectroscopic analysis techniques
Li Zhao, Luming Wen, Qun Lu, Rui Liu
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
α-Glucosidase is an important enzyme in human intestine, and inhibition of its activity can lower blood sugar levels to effectively prevent hyperglycaemia induced tissue damage. Here, we investigated the inhibitory activities of procyanidins with different structures on α-glucosidase and the underlying mechanism. The results showed that the IC50 of catechin and compounds 2–7 on α-glucosidase was lower than that of acarbose. A-type procyanidins might have better inhibitory activity than B-type procyanidins. In addition, there was no positive correlation between the polymerization degree of A-type procyanidin oligomer and its inhibitory effect on α-glucosidase. Compound 7 (A-type trimer) with the best inhibitory effect reversibly inhibited the activity of α-glucosidase in a mixed-type manner. Fluorescence data confirmed that the intrinsic fluorescence of α-glucosidase was quenched by compound 7 through static-dynamic quenching. The calculated thermodynamic parameters indicated that their binding was spontaneous and driven by hydrophobic interaction, which was also confirmed by the UV spectrum experiment. Besides, circular dichroism analysis displayed that their binding resulted in conformational changes of α-glucosidase characterized by a decrease in α-helix and an increase in β-sheet. The results demonstrate the ability of procyanidins to intervene in the progression of type 2 diabetes by inhibiting α-glucosidase.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Biochemistry