Inversing supramolecular chirality and boosting circularly polarized luminescence of pyrene moieties via a gel matrix
Alkyl-substituted L/D-glutamide derivatives (L/D-SG) were designed as gelators to fabricate host gel matrices. Pyrene-appended L/D-glutamide derivatives (Py-LG/Py-DG) were employed as guest luminophores to investigate chiral packing and emission behavior in gel matrices. It was found that Py-LG and Py-DG are prone to form P- and M-chirally packed assemblies in DMSO gels, respectively. However, the chiral packing was inversed, and CPL was boosted after Py-LG/Py-DG was embedded in the L/D-SG gel matrix. M-chiral packing together with left-handed excimer emission ((−)-CPL) was observed in the Py-LG immobilized L-SG gel matrix, while P-chiral packing together with right-handed excimer emission ((+)-CPL) was found in the Py-DG immobilized L-SG gel matrix. It is more interesting to find that the molecular chirality of the matrix gelator did not affect the supramolecular chirality of pyrene assemblies. Either L or a D-matrix gelator can inverse the supramolecular chirality of the pure gel, but did not follow the chirality of the matrix. It was found that the gel matrix converts intralayer pyrene–pyrene (Py–Py) packing in the pure pyrene gel to interlayer Py–Py packing, thus giving an opposite chirality. The study not only deepened our understanding of the supramolecular chirality transfer but also unveiled the effects of an inert gel matrix in regulating the chiroptical properties.
chiroptical properties, chirality,