Leucine-derived cyanoglucosides from the aerial parts of Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A. Braun
Gui-Wu Qu, Chang-Jing Wu, Shi-Zhou Gong, Ze-Ping Xie, Chang-Jun Lv
Six new cyanoglucosides, 2S-cardiospermin-5-benzoate (1), 2R-cardiospermin-5-p-hydroxybenzoate (2), 2S-cardiospermin-5-cis-p-coumarate (3), isocardiospermin-5-p-hydroxybenzoate (4), sutherlandin-5-p-hydroxybenzoate (5), and sutherlandin-5-cis-p-coumarate (6), together with 17 known compounds were isolated from Sorbaria sorbifolia. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR, HR-ESI-MS and ECD experiments. The biosynthetic relationship of 1–9 was also discussed. The cyanoglucosides (1–9) and15 exhibited moderate inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production of RAW264.7 macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).
Circular dichroism, Absolute configuration, Medicinal