N-acetyl-l-methionine is a superior protectant of human serum albumin against post-translational oxidation as compared to N-acetyl-l-tryptophan
Yousuke Kouno, Makoto Anraku, Keishi Yamasakia, Yoshiro Okayama, Daisuke Iohara, Hedeaki Nakamura, Toru Maruyama, Fumitoshi Hirayama, Ulrich Kragh-Hansen, Masaki Otagiri
Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Sodium octanoate and N-acetyl-L-tryptophan (N-AcTrp) are widely used as stabilizers during pasteurization and storage of albumin products. However, as compared with N-AcTrp, N-acetyl-L-methionine (N-AcMet) is superior in protecting albumin exposed to light during storage. Here, we examine, whether N-AcMet also is better than N-AcTrp to protect albumin against oxidation. Recombinant human serum albumin (rHSA) without and with N-AcMet or N-AcTrp was oxidized by using chloramine-T (CT) as a model compound for mimicking oxidative stress. Oxidation of rHSA was examined by determining carbonyl groups and advanced oxidation protein products. Structural changes were studied by native-PAGE, circular dichroism, intrinsic fluorescence and differential scanning calorimetry. The anti-oxidant capacity of CT-treated rHSA was quantified by its ability to scavenge peroxynitrite and the hydroxyl radical. The pharmacokinetics of indocyanine green-labeled albumin preparations was studied in male mice. We found that the number of chemical modifications and the structural changes of rHSA were significantly smaller in the presence of N-AcMet than in the presence of N-AcTrp. The anti-oxidant properties of CT-exposed rHSA were best protected by adding N-AcMet. Finally, N-AcMet is superior in preserving the normal pharmacokinetics of rHSA. Thus, N-AcMet is superior to N-AcTrp in protecting albumin preparations against oxidation. In addition, N-AcMet is probable also useful for protecting other proteins. Therefore, N-AcMet should be useful as a new and effective stabilizer and antioxidant for albumin isolated from blood, rHSA, albumin-fusion proteins and for preparations of rHSA-therapeutic complexes.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Pharmaceutical, Biochemistry