Protective role of hesperetin against posttranslational oxidation of tryptophan residue of human γD-crystallin: A molecular level study
Shiwani Rana, Kalyan Sundar Ghosh
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Crystallin proteins undergo various posttranslational modifications with aging of eye lens. Oxidation of tryptophan (Trp) residues of a major γ-crystallin namely human γD-crystallin (HGD) was found to be inhibited by a naturally occurring flavonoid hesperetin at relatively low concentration mostly due to its antioxidant activity. Further the molecular interactions between HGD and hesperetin were elucidated on the basis of the quenching of Trp fluorescence of the protein by the flavonoid. Ground state complexation between HGD and hesperetin caused static quenching of the Trp fluorescence of HGD. Binding and quenching constants were in the order of (103- 104 M−1). Energy transfer from protein to hesperetin was suggested by FRET calculations. Thermodynamic parameters reveal significant hydrophobic association between the protein and hesperetin. Synchronous fluorescence and CD spectroscopic results had ruled out conformational changes in the protein due to binding of hesperetin. Docking studies suggested the proximity of hesperetin with Trp 42, which largely corroborates our experimental findings.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Chemical stability, Biochemistry