Recent Progress Toward Realization of High-Efficiency BaSi2 Solar Cells: Thin-Film Deposition Techniques and Passivation of Defects
Takashi Suemasu, Dmitri B. Migas
physica status solidi
Safe, stable, and earth-abundant materials for solar cell applications are of particular importance to realize a decarbonized society. Semiconducting barium disilicide (BaSi2), which is composed of non-toxic and earth-abundant elements, is an emerging material to meet this requirement. BaSi2 has a band gap of 1.3 eV that is suitable for single-junction solar cells, a large absorption coefficient exceeding that of chalcopyrite, and inactive grain boundaries. In this review article, we start by describing the recent progress of BaSi2 thin-film deposition techniques using radio-frequency sputtering and discuss the high photoresponsivity of BaSi2 thin films. Special attention is paid to passivation of the defects in BaSi2 films by hydrogen or carbon doping. We then use ab initio studies based on density-functional theory to calculate the positions of the localized defective states and the Fermi level to discuss the experimentally obtained passivation effects. Finally, we address the issues that need to be resolved toward realization of high-efficiency BaSi2 solar cells.
Raman spectroscopy, Solar cell, Deposition, BaSi2