Stabilizing Layered Structure in Aqueous Electrolyte via O2-Type Oxygen Stacking
Liang Xue, Chao Wang, Hanghui Liu, Hao Li, Tingting Chen, Zhengyi Shi, Ce Qiu, Mingqing Sun, Yin Huang, Jiangfeng Huang, Jingwen Sun, Pan Xiong, Junwu Zhu, Hui Xia
Despite the high energy density of O3-type layered cathode materials, the short cycle life in aqueous electrolyte hinders their practical applications in aqueous lithium-ion batteries (ALIBs). In this work, it is demonstrated that the structural stability of layered LiCoO2 in aqueous electrolyte can be remarkably improved by altering the oxygen stacking from O3 to O2. As compared to the O3-type LiCoO2, the O2-type LiCoO2 exhibits significantly improved cycle performance in neutral aqueous electrolyte. It is found that the structural degradation caused by electrophilic attack of proton can be effectively mitigated in O2-type layered structure. With O2 stacking, CoO6 octahedra in LiCoO2 possess stronger CoO bonds while Co migration from Co layer to Li layer is strongly hampered, resulting in enhanced structural stability against proton attack and prolonged cycle life in aqueous electrolyte. The findings in this work reveal that regulating oxygen stacking sequence is an effective strategy to improve the structural stability of layered materials for ALIBs.
aqueous lithium-ion batteries, ALIBs, structural stability