Studies on the binding of paeonol and two of its isomers to human serum albumin by using microcalorimetry and circular dichroism
Min Liu, Lan-Ying Zhu, Xiu-Kui Qu, De-Zhi Sun, Lin-Wei Li, Rui-Sen Lin
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Interactions of paeonol and two of its isomers with human serum albumin (HSA) in buffer solutions (pH 7.0) have been investigated by calorimetry and circular dichroism. Heats of the interactions have been determined with isothermal titration microcalorimetry at 298.15 K. Data process has been based on the supposition that there are several independent classes of binding sites on each HSA molecule for molecules of each one of the drugs. The results obtained by using this supposition combined with Langmuir adsorption model show that there are two classes of such binding sites. The binding constant, changes of enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy are obtained, which show that the two classes of binding are mainly driven by enthalpy except that the first-class binding of Ace is predominantly driven by entropy. On the same class of binding site, the negative value of binding enthalpy decreases in the order of Pae, Hma, and Ace. The difference of thermodynamic data is caused by the different locations of substituent groups on aromatic benzene ring of guest molecules. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra show that the three isomers change the secondary structure of HSA. These results indicate that the interaction includes contributions of the binding and the partial change of molecular structure of HSA induced by the three isomers.
Circular dichroism, Protein folding, Thermodynamics, Secondary structure, Ligand binding, Biochemistry