Sustainable hydroxypropyl methylcellulose/xyloglucan/gentamicin films with antimicrobial properties
Stalin Kondaveeti, Tatiana C. Damato, Ana M. Carmona-Ribeiro, Maria R. Sierakowski, Denise Freitas Siqueira Petri
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and xyloglucan (XG) crosslinked with citric acid over a range of HPMC/XG weight ratios formed sustainable blend films characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, tensile tests, circular dichroism and determination of inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Both in solution and in the crosslinked films, HPMC chains lost the original ordered conformation upon interacting with XG, giving rise to an entropic gain. The highest values of tensile strength (25 MPa) and Young’s modulus (689 MPa) occurred for the 50:50 HPMC/XG blend films. In vitro loading of gentamicin sulfate (GS) in the films amounted to 0.18 ± 0.05 −0.37 ± 0.05 g of GS per g polymer. At pH 7.4 and 37 °C, the GS release kinetics from the films fitted with the Korsmeyer–Peppas model revealed a non-Fickian release mechanism with diffusional coefficient n ∼ 0.7. The cross-linked films of HPMC, XG and their blends loaded with GS showed outstanding antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, disclosing their potential for novel biomedical applications.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Polymers