The dynamic structure of Rab35 is stabilized in the presence of GTP under physiological conditions
Takuya Murata, Yuka Unno, Mitsunori Fukuda, Naoko Utsunomiya-Tate
Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Rab proteins, a family of small guanosine triphosphatases, play key roles in intracellular membrane trafficking and the regulation of various cellular processes. As a Rab isoform, Rab35 is crucial for recycling endosome trafficking, cytokinesis and neurite outgrowth. In this report, we analyzed dynamic structural changes and physicochemical features of Rab35 in response to different external conditions, including temperature, pH, salt concentration and guanosine triphosphate (GTP), by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. CD spectra revealed that the α-helix content of Rab35 varies under different conditions considerably. The addition of GTP increases the α-helix content of Rab35 when the temperature, pH and salt concentration match physiological conditions. The results suggest that the external environment affects the secondary structure of Rab35. In particular, the presence of GTP stabilized the α-helices of Rab35 under physiological conditions. These structural changes may translate to changes in Rab35 function and relate to its role in membrane trafficking.
Circular dichroism, Thermal stability, Chemical stability, Secondary structure, Pharmaceutical, Biochemistry