The interaction between LC8 and LCA5 reveals a novel oligomerization function of LC8 in the ciliary-centrosome system
Tamás Szaniszló, Máté Fülöp, Mátyás Pajkos, Gábor Erdős, Réka Ágnes Kovács, Henrietta Vadászi, József Kardos & Zsuzsanna Dosztányi
Dynein light chain LC8 is a small dimeric hub protein that recognizes its partners through short linear motifs and is commonly assumed to drive their dimerization. It has more than 100 known binding partners involved in a wide range of cellular processes. Recent large-scale interaction studies suggested that LC8 could also play a role in the ciliary/centrosome system. However, the cellular function of LC8 in this system remains elusive. In this work, we characterized the interaction of LC8 with the centrosomal protein lebercilin (LCA5), which is associated with a specific form of ciliopathy. We showed that LCA5 binds LC8 through two linear motifs. In contrast to the commonly accepted model, LCA5 forms dimers through extensive coiled coil formation in a LC8-independent manner. However, LC8 enhances the oligomerization ability of LCA5 that requires a finely balanced interplay of coiled coil segments and both binding motifs. Based on our results, we propose that LC8 acts as an oligomerization engine that is responsible for the higher order oligomer formation of LCA5. As LCA5 shares several common features with other centrosomal proteins, the presented LC8 driven oligomerization could be widespread among centrosomal proteins, highlighting an important novel cellular function of LC8.
interaction, LC8, LCA5