The Interaction of Cyclic Naphthalene Diimide with G-Quadruplex under Molecular Crowding Condition
G-quadruplex specific targeting molecules, also termed as G4 ligands, are attracting increasing attention for their ability to recognize and stabilize G-quadruplex and high potentiality for biological regulation. However, G4 ligands recognizing G-quadruplex were generally investigated within a dilute condition, which might be interfered with under a cellular crowding environment. Here, we designed and synthesized several new cyclic naphthalene diimide (cNDI) derivatives, and investigated their interaction with G-quadruplex under molecular crowding condition (40% v/v polyethylene glycol (PEG)200) to mimic the cellular condition. The results indicated that, under molecular crowding conditions, cNDI derivatives were still able to recognize and stabilize G-quadruplex structures based on circular dichroism measurement. The binding affinities were slightly decreased but still comparatively high upon determination by isothermal titration calorimetry and UV-vis absorbance spectroscopy. More interestingly, cNDI derivatives were observed with preference to induce a telomere sequence to form a hybrid G-quadruplex under cation-deficient molecular crowding conditions.
Circular dichroism, G-quadruplex structure, DNA structure, Chemical stability, Thermal stability, Biochemistry