Vibrational and electronic circular dichroism study of bile pigments: Complexes of bilirubin and biliverdin with metals
Iryna Goncharova, Marie Urbanová
Complexation of bilirubin (BR) and biliverdin (BV) with biogenic and toxic metals (Mn, Cu, Cd, Co, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Ag) has been studied by means of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and vibrational circular dichroism (VCD). Poly-l-lysine and β-cyclodextrin in water were chosen as matrices capable of recognizing the single stereoconformer of the pigments with defined M-helicity. Such systems allow structural changes caused by complexation of pigments with metals in aqueous solution at pH 10–11 to be followed using chiroptical methods, which are intrinsically sensitive to spatial structure. These and other spectroscopic techniques have revealed that BV and BR form monomeric complexes with Cd, Cu, and Zn and dimeric complexes with Mn. The stabilities of the complexes with Fe, Ni, Co, and Ag are remarkably lower. The sign of the ECD and VCD patterns of the complexed BV does not change for the chelates of any of the studied metals other than Zn, this exception being interpreted in terms of manifestation of the opposite helicity of BV in its chelate with Zn. In the case of BR, the observed inversion of ECD signal after complexation, together with the analysis of VCD spectra, reveals that a flattening of the molecule takes place, i.e., an increase in the angle between the pyrrinone chromophores without an inversion of helicity. This chiral stereoselectivity, which is very specific in the case of the Zn chelates, is discussed in connection with the specific inhibition of Zn-required enzymes by bile pigments.
Circular dichroism, Stereochemistry, Coordination chemistry, Biochemistry