A high mobility air-stable n-type organic small molecule semiconductor with high UV–visible-to-NIR photoresponse
Ying-Shi Guan, Jing Qiao, Yingying Liang, Hari Krishna Bisoyi, Chao Wang, Wei Xu, Daoben Zhu & Quan Li
Light Science & Applications
An organic semiconductor with high carrier mobility and efficient light absorption over a wide spectral range is of the most important yet challenging material for constructing a broadband responsive organic photodetector. However, the development of such organic semiconductors, especially for air-stable n-type organic small molecule semiconductors, is still at an early stage. Here we report the fabrication of high-performance n-type semiconducting crystalline nanosheets and the development of air-stable field-effect transistors, phototransistors, with high response over a broad spectrum. The n-type small molecule semiconductor is assembled into a crystalline nanosheet based on the solvent-phase interfacial self-assembly method. N-type field-effect transistors with high electron mobility are fabricated and their electrical performances exhibit excellent air stability. Impressively, the demonstrated phototransistors exhibit an ultrahigh responsivity over a wide spectral range from 365 to 940 nm, with a maximum photoresponsivity of 9.2 × 105 A W−1 and specific detectivity of 5.26 × 1013 Jones, which is the best performance among the reported n-type organic small molecule-based phototransistors.
organic semiconductor, nanosheet