Application study of infrared free-electron lasers towards the development of amyloidosis therapy
Mikiko Jindo, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Hisashi Okumura, Koichi Tsukiyamaa, and Takayasu Kawasaki
Journal of Syncrotron Radiation
Amyloidosis is known to be caused by the deposition of amyloid fibrils into various biological tissues; effective treatments for the disease are little established today. An infrared free-electron laser (IR-FEL) is an accelerator-based picosecond-pulse laser having tunable infrared wavelengths. In the current study, the irradiation effect of an IR-FEL was tested on an 11-residue peptide (NFLNCYVSGFH) fibril from β2-microglobulin (β2M) with the aim of applying IR-FELs to amyloidosis therapy. Infrared microspectroscopy (IRM) and scanning electron microscopy showed that a fibril of β2M peptide was clearly dissociated by IR-FEL at 6.1 µm (amide I) accompanied by a decrease of the β-sheet and an increase of the α-helix. No dissociative process was recognized at 6.5 µm (amide II) as well as at 5.0 µm (non-specific wavelength). Equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations indicated that the α-helix can exist stably and the probability of forming interchain hydrogen bonds associated with the internal asparagine residue (N4) is notably reduced compared with other amino acids after the β-sheet is dissociated by amide I specific irradiation. This result implies that N4 plays a key role for recombination of hydrogen bonds in the dissociation of the β2M fibril. In addition, the β-sheet was disrupted at temperatures higher than 340 K while the α-helix did not appear even though the fibril was heated up to 363 K as revealed by IRM. The current study gives solid evidence for the laser-mediated conversion from β-sheet to α-helix in amyloid fibrils at the molecular level.
Amyloidosis, infrared free-electron laser, amyloid fibril, β2-microglobulin.