Controlled drug delivery and cell adhesion for bone tissue regeneration by Keplerate polyoxometalate (Mo132)/metronidazole/PMMA scaffolds
Hamid Taghiyar, Bahram Yadollahi & Abolghasem Abbasi Kajani
The aim of this study is to fabricate a new scaffold appropriate for tissue regeneration with antimicrobial activity and ability of controlled drug delivery. In this regard, scaffold nanofibers were produced using poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), Mo132 as a Keplerate polyoxometalate and metronidazole. The final scaffolds, obtained by electrospinning, represent the intrinsic features including exceptional doubling tensile strength, high hydrophilicity (126 ± 5.2° to 83.9 ± 3.2° for contact angle and 14.18 ± 0.62% to 35.62 ± 0.24% for water uptake), proper bioactivity and cell adhesion. Moreover, the addition of Mo132 and metronidazole enhances the biodegradation rate of resulted scaffolds compared to the pure PMMA membrane. The controlled release of metronidazole over 14 days efficiently inhibits the colonization of anaerobic microorganisms. Overall, the results demonstrate high potential of Mo132 and metronidazole-loaded PMMA scaffold for guided bone regeneration/guided tissue regeneration.
FT/IR-680 plus, V-630
antimicrobial, nanofibers, PMMA, membranes