Evaporated nanometer chalcogenide films for scalable high-performance complementary electronics
Ao Liu, Huihui Zhu, Taoyu Zou, Youjin Reo, Gi-Seong Ryu & Yong-Young Noh
The exploration of stable and high-mobility semiconductors that can be grown over a large area using cost-effective methods continues to attract the interest of the electronics community. However, many mainstream candidates are challenged by scarce and expensive components, manufacturing costs, low stability, and limitations of large-area growth. Herein, we report wafer-scale ultrathin (metal) chalcogenide semiconductors for high-performance complementary electronics using standard room temperature thermal evaporation. The n-type bismuth sulfide delivers an in-situ transition from a conductor to a high-mobility semiconductor after mild post-annealing with self-assembly phase conversion, achieving thin-film transistors with mobilities of over 10 cm2 V−1 s−1, on/off current ratios exceeding 108, and high stability. Complementary inverters are constructed in combination with p-channel tellurium device with hole mobilities of over 50 cm2 V−1 s−1, delivering remarkable voltage transfer characteristics with a high gain of 200. This work has laid the foundation for depositing scalable electronics in a simple and cost-effective manner, which is compatible with monolithic integration with commercial products such as organic light-emitting diodes.
nanometer, chalcogenide films,organic light-emitting diodes