FtsZ phosphorylation brings about growth arrest upon DNA damage in Deinococcus radiodurans
Reema Chaudhary, Shruti Mishra, Ganesh K. Maurya, Yogendra S. Rajpurohit, Hari S. Misra
The polymerization/depolymerization dynamics of FtsZ play a pivotal role in cell division in the majority of the bacteria. Deinococcus radiodurans, a radiation-resistant bacterium, shows an arrest of growth in response to DNA damage with no change in the level of FtsZ. This bacterium does not deploy LexA/RecA type of DNA damage response and cell cycle regulation, and its genome does not encode SulA homologues of Escherichia coli, which attenuate FtsZ functions in response to DNA damage in other bacteria. A radiation-responsive Ser/Thr quinoprotein kinase (RqkA), characterized for its role in radiation resistance in this bacterium, could phosphorylate several cognate proteins, including FtsZ (drFtsZ) at Serine 235 (S235) and Serine 335 (S335) residues. Here, we reported the detailed characterization of S235 and S335 phosphorylation effects in the regulation of drFtsZ functions and demonstrated that the phospho-mimetic replacements of these residues in drFtsZ had grossly affected its functions that could result in cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage in D. radiodurans. Interestingly, the phospho-ablative replacements were found to be nearly similar to drFtsZ, whereas the phospho-mimetic mutant lost the wild-type protein's signature characteristics, including its dynamics under normal conditions. The kinetics of post-bleaching recovery for drFtsZ and phospho-mimetic mutant were nearly similar at 2 h post-irradiation recovery but were found to be different under normal conditions. These results highlighted the role of S/T phosphorylation in the regulation of drFtsZ functions and cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage, which is demonstrated for the first time, in any bacteria.
bacteria, DNA, polymerization