Kinetic Profiling of the Hydrolytic Reaction of Benazepril: Metabolic Pathway Simulation.
Hemdan A, Michael AM
Joural of AOAC International
A simple, specific, and rapid kinetic study of benazepril (BNZ) hydrolysis was developed and validated using HPLC. BNZ was degraded using 0.1 N sodium hydroxide at room temperature to produce benazeprilat, which is an active metabolite of BNZ and acts as an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Analysis was carried out using an Athena C18 column (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 µm particle size). The mobile phase consists of a mixture of phosphate buffer (pH 4.5) and acetonitrile (53 + 47, v/v) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. UV detection was accomplished at 242 nm using moexipril as the internal standard. The method was validated according to International Conference on Harmonization guidelines, and the calibration curve was linear over the range 10-100 µg/mL, with acceptable accuracy and precision. Kinetic profiling of the hydrolysis was shown to follow pseudo-first-order kinetics. The method was applied to the assay of BNZ in combined dosage form with no interference from other ingredients. The obtained results were statistically compared with those of the official method, showing no significant difference.
HPLC, Benazepril hydrolysis, Kinetic profiling, Hydrolytic Reaction, Metabolic Pathway Simulation