Role of graphene oxide aerogel support on the CuZnO catalytic activity: enhancing methanol selectivity in the hydrogenation reaction of CO2
Márta Kubovics, Albert Trigo, Antoni Sánchez, Gregorio Marbán, Alejandro Borrás, Javier Moral Vico, Ana M. López-Periago, Concepcion Domingo
Chem Cat Chem
A novel CuZnO multicomponent catalyst, involving reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as a support, was synthesized to be applied in the catalytic hydrogenation of CO 2 to methanol. The [email protected] composite was prepared as a 3D aerogel by a two-step process involving supercritical CO 2 for macrostructuration and H 2 treatment for reduction. Electron microscopy was applied to visualize the meso/macroporous morphology formed by the supercritical drying. The elemental mapping depicted a homogenous distribution of CuZnO nanoparticles deposited on the rGO flakes. It was demonstrated that methanol production increases for the [email protected] composite in comparison to unsupported similar CuZnO nanoparticles. This behavior was ascribed to a different interaction established between the Cu 0 and ZnO nanoparticles used as synthetized or deposited on rGO. It is shown that the highly reduced rGO component stimulates H 2 O desorption produced during the hydrogenation reaction, thus it serves as a support hindering the sintering of Cu 0 nanoparticles. The formation of a diluted surface alloy of Zn into Cu 0 was determined for the unsupported CuZnO NPs, while for the [email protected] aerogel composite, the absence of any additional phase, e.g ., a surface alloy or reduced ZnO, was confirmed. The composite aerogels show excellent MeOH selectivity at high temperature (up to 260 ºC) and low pressure (10 bar).
catalyst, graphene, supercritical CO2,