A dichroic mirror is an optical element consisting of multi-layered dielectric materials that have different refractive indexes. This enables the mirror to reflect the light of a specific wavelength and transmit the light of another. Dichroic mirrors have different spectral characteristics, depending on the angle or polarization of the incident light. Therefore, in the evaluation of dichroic mirrors, it is necessary to elucidate its spectral characteristics.
An absolute reflectance accessory can be used to measure transmittance and reflection, whilst changing the incident angle and/or the polarization of the incident light. The JASCO absolute reflectance accessories orient the incident light at an angle of θ to the sample. The reflected light from the sample is then passed to an integrating sphere, where the detector angle is set as θ-2-θ (Figure 1, right). The integrating sphere can measure an absolute reflectance spectrum that cannot be obtained by relative reflectance measurement. In addition, influence from light source fluctuations is removed using a double-beam method that simultaneously transmits the reference beam to the detector in the integrating sphere.
This application note demonstrates the use of an absolute reflectance measurement system that employs an integrating sphere based detector to measure the polarization and incident angle dependence and evaluate the spectral characteristics of a dichroic mirror.
V-670, UV-Visible/NIR spectroscopy, Integrating sphere, Absolute reflectance, Materials, dichroic mirror
Figure 2 shows the reflectance spectrum under different polarization conditions, while Figures 3 and 4 illustrate the anglular dependence of the reflectance spectrum under the p and s polarizations, respectively. It is seen that for both s and p polarizations, the reflection region expands to the longer wavelength side with increase in the incident angle.
Figure 4. Angle-dependent reflectance spectrum for s polarization. The angles are: 30 (blue), 35 (green), 40 (maroon), 45 (teal), 50 (yellow), 55 (pink), and 60 (red) degrees.