Anion-Enrichment Interface Enables High-Voltage Anode-Free Lithium Metal Batteries
Mao, Minglei, Xiao Ji, Qiyu Wang, Zejing Lin, Meiying Li, Tao Liu, Chengliang Wang, Yong-Sheng Hu, Hong Li, Xuejie Huang, Liquan Chen, and Liumin Suo
Aggressive chemistry involving Li metal anode (LMA) and high-voltage LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NCM811) cathode is deemed as a pragmatic approach to pursue the desperate 400 Wh kg−1. Yet, their implementation is plagued by low Coulombic efficiency and inferior cycling stability. Herein, we propose an optimally fluorinated linear carboxylic ester (ethyl 3,3,3-trifluoropropanoate, FEP) paired with weakly solvating fluoroethylene carbonate and dissociated lithium salts (LiBF4 and LiDFOB) to prepare a weakly solvating and dissociated electrolyte. An anion-enrichment interface prompts more anions’ decomposition in the inner Helmholtz plane and higher reduction potential of anions. Consequently, the anion-derived interface chemistry contributes to the compact and columnar-structure Li deposits with a high CE of 98.7% and stable cycling of 4.6 V NCM811 and LiCoO2 cathode. Accordingly, industrial anode-free pouch cells under harsh testing conditions deliver a high energy of 442.5 Wh kg−1 with 80% capacity retention after 100 cycles.
Lithium ion batterie, cathode