Bovine serum albumin/chitosan-nanoparticle bio-complex; spectroscopic study and in vivo toxicological â€“ Hypersensitivity evaluation
Rashad Moataz M, El-Kemary Nesma M, Amer Said, El-Kemary Maged
This study, investigates the interaction of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with synthesized chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) using steady-state fluorescence and UVâ€“vis absorbance spectroscopy as well as picosecond time-resolved fluorescence technique. The fluorescence quenching mechanism of BSA by CSNPs indicates the presence of both static and dynamic mechanism. The loading efficiency of BSA-CSNPs exhibited a decrease by about 6% in neutral pH under physiological temperature. Transmission electron microcopy (TEM) images revealed the Synthesized CSNPs were irregular in shape with size of ~42Â nm. The safety and biocompatibility of BSA-CSNPs inside the body was investigated after intraperitoneal (IP) injection of male mice for nine days, analysis of in vivo results, revealed no toxicity with a hypocholesterolemic effect and a predicted mild activation of WBCs due to CSNPs adjuvant and immunogenic peptides in BSA. Accordingly, no signs of hypersensitivity were observed due to the administration of such formulations. The results can be used for a better understanding the interaction of CSNPs within biological protein environment.
Bovine serum albumin, Chitosan nanoparticles, Time resolved fluorescence,Site probes, In vivo study