Chiral high-performance liquid chromatographic separation and circular dichroism spectra of the enantiomers of cytotoxic aristocularine alkaloids
Salvatore Caccamese, Giovanna Scivoli, Salvatore Bianca, Juan Manuel López-Romero, Francisco Javier Ortiz-López
Journal of Chromatography A
The HPLC enantiomeric separation of the racemic cularinoid alkaloids N-p-methoxy-1,α-dihydroaristoyagonine (1) and 4′,5′-demethoxy-1,α-dihydroaristoyagonine (2) was accomplished using five chiral stationary phases (CSPs), some of them polysaccharide-derived ones. The molecular size and conjugative effect strongly affect the different enantioselectivity of the compounds 1 and 2 on the various CSPs investigated. Single enantiomers of 1 were isolated by repeated injections on an analytical HPLC column, and their circular dichroism spectra and optical rotations were measured. The cytotoxicity of the isolated enantiomers was measured on a human colon carcinoma cell line and compared with that of the racemic compound.
Circular dichroism, Stereochemistry