Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of human mitochondrial carbonic anhydrase VA
Danish Idrees, Sudhir Kumar, Syed Abdul Arif Rehman, Samudrala Gourinath, Asimul Islam, Faizan Ahmad, Md. Imtaiyaz Hassan
Carbonic anhydrase VA (CAVA) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO2 to produce HCO3 − and proton. CAV is primarily involved in several biosynthetic processes such as ureagenesis, gluconeogenesis and lipogenesis by providing bicarbonate ion. Here, we report a new strategy for cloning, expression and purification for CAVA in the bacterial system followed by its biophysical characterization. The cDNA of CAVA, a 801 nucleotide long that encodes a 267-amino acid polypeptide of molecular mass of 30-kDa (excluding signal peptide), was sub-cloned in the expression vector pET21c and transformed into Escherichia coli strain BL21 (DE3) for expression. The recombinant protein was purified in two steps by Ni–NTA and DEAE weak anion-exchange chromatography under native condition from the supernatant, while inclusion bodies (IBs) were used to get protein under the denatured condition with a relatively high yield. CAVA was purified under denatured conditions in a single step using Ni–NTA chromatography. SDS-PAGE showed a band of 30-kDa, which was further confirmed as CAVA by Western blot and MALDI-TOF/MS. We further performed enzyme activity to ensure that both forms of purified proteins are enzymatically active. Measurements of secondary structure of the native, denatured and renatured proteins were carried out using circular dichroism. The purified protein can be further used for structural and biochemical studies.
Circular dichroism, Secondary structure, Protein denaturation, Biochemistry