Detection and Monitoring of Amyloid Fibrillation Using a Fluorescence “Switch-On” Probe
Nibedita Pradhan, Debabrata Jana, Binay K. Ghorai, Nikhil R. Jana
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Amyloid protein fibrillation is associated with a variety of neurodegenerative and other diseases, and their efficient detection and monitoring can greatly advance early diagnosis and therapy. Herein, we report a fluorescent “switch-on” probe for the reliable detection and monitoring of amyloid fibrils. The probe consists of a peptide component for binding with amyloid structure and a color component with an aggregation-induced green emission property. This probe is nonfluorescent in the presence of amyloid forming monomer protein/peptide, but fluorescence “switch-on” occurs after binding with amyloid fibrils. Compared to conventionally used thioflavin T, this probe offers a high signal-to-noise ratio, which is unaffected by the quencher ion/nanoparticle. The proposed new probe has been used for the detection and monitoring of amyloid fibrils produced by a wide variety of amyloid protein/peptides and can be extended for in vitro diagnostic applications.
Circular dichroism, Aggregation, Materials