Determination of the polyphenolic content of Ammodaucus leucotrichus Cosson and Durieu by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and evaluation of the antioxidant and antiglycation properties
Ginane Selama, Hafssa El Cadi, Btissam Ramdan, Yassine Oulad El Majdoub, Paola Dugo, Luigi Mondello, Francesco Cacciola, Mohamed Nhiri
Ammodaucus leucotrichus Cosson and Durieu, known as Sahara cumin, is a plant belonging to the Apiaceae family with a very strong smell of anise growing in the maritime sands in the countries of North Africa. The present work aims to study the polyphenolic profile of its seeds hydroalcoholic extract along with the determination of the antioxidant and antiglycation properties. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of 16 compounds, out of which 15 have been detected in this extract for the first time. Luteolin-glucoside turned out to be the most abundant one (281.32 ± 0.34 mg/kg), followed by apigenin-hexoside (235.06 ± 0.29 mg/kg) and luteolin (202.41 ± 0.40 mg/kg). In terms of antioxidant activity, a half-maximal inhibitory concentration value as high as 0.39 ± 0.003 mg AAE/ml (w/v) was attained. Further, the antiglycation activity was determined to yield interesting results: at a concentration of 1.5 mg/ml, the extract showed an antiglycation activity (%I) of 61.86 compared to metformin as a positive control (%I = 84.01); on the other hand, increasing the concentration to 10 mg/ml, the inhibition activity switched to advanced glycation end products formation activation (%I = 41.71).