Diterpenes from an Uzbek medicinal plant Perovskia scrophulariifolia: Their structures and anti-neuroinflammatory activity
Phytochemical investigation on the aerial parts of a Lamiaceous medicinal plant Perovskia scrophulariifolia collected in Uzbekistan resulted in the isolation of two new 20-norabietane diterpenes, along with thirteen known diterpenes including one 20-norabietane, eight abietanes, one 6,7-secoabietane, and three icetexanes. The structures of new 20-norabietane diterpenes, perovsfolins C (1) and D (2), were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses aided with calculations of ECD spectra. Perovsfolin C (1) is the first 20-norabietane diterpene possessing a 1,11-epoxy moiety, while perovsfolin D (2) is a 20-norabitetane diterpene with a 2-hydroxy-1,4-quinone moiety as C-ring. Anti-neuroinflammatory activity of the isolated diterpenes on microglial cells was evaluated.
medical plant, anti-neuroinflammatory, activity