(Gd,Lu)AlO3:Dy3+ and (Gd,Lu)3Al5O12:Dy3+ as high-temperature thermographic phosphors
Ellen Hertle, Liudmyla Chepyga, Andres Osvet, Christoph J Brabec, Miroslaw Batentschuk, Stefan Will, Lars Zigan
Measurement Science and Technology
A comparative investigation of the thermographic properties of Dy3+ -doped gadolinium aluminum perovskite GdAlO3 (GAP) and gadolinium aluminum garnet Gd3Al5O12 (GAG) was performed with special regard to the suitability of these materials for surface thermometry in harsh measurement environments. The phosphors were synthesized by conventional high-temperature solid-state method using lithium fluoride (LiF) as a flux. The effects of substituting Gd3+ by Lu3+ ions on the stability of the garnet structure and the luminescence properties of the phosphors were investigated. An efficient energy transfer from Gd3+ to Dy3+ resulted in significantly stronger Dy3+ emission obtained through Gd3+ excitation at 275 nm compared to direct excitation of Dy3+ at 352 nm. The luminescence intensity of GAP:Dy3+ with Lu3+ substitution was three times higher at room temperature compared to GAP:Dy3+ . Due to this intensity enhancement, the range of temperature measurements by the intensity ratio and decay time methods was extended from 900 K to 1100 K. The luminescence intensity of (Gd,Lu)AG:Dy3+ was doubled at room temperature compared to (Gd,Lu)AP:Dy3+ and the limit for reliable temperature measurements by the above mentioned methods was increased up to 1600 K.
Fluorescence, Photoluminescence, Optical properties, Materials