Impact of Chiral Ligands on Photophysical and Electro-Optical Properties of β-Diketonate Europium Complexes in Circularly Polarized OLEDs
Zinna, Francesco, Mariacecilia Pasini, Matteo Cabras, Guido Scavia, Chiara Botta, Lorenzo Di Bari, and Umberto Giovanella
Luminescent lanthanide complexes exhibiting chiroptical properties are attracting attention for their application in chiral optoelectronics and photonics, thanks to their unique optical properties, allied to intraconfigurational f?f transitions, which are generally electric-dipole-forbidden and can be magnetic dipole-allowed, which in an appropriate environment can lead to high dissymmetry factors and strong luminescence, in the presence of an antenna ligand. However, because luminescence and chiroptical activity are governed by different selection rules, their successful application in commonly used technologies is still an expectation. Recently, we showed that europium complexes bearing ?-diketonates acting as luminescence sensitizers, and chiral bis(oxazolinyl) pyridine derivatives as the chirality inducer, reasonably perform in circularly polarized (CP) organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). Indeed, europium ?-diketonate complexes are an interesting molecular starting point, given their strong luminescence and their established use in conventional (i.e., nonpolarized) OLEDs. In this context, it is interesting to investigate in detail the impact of the ancillary chiral ligand on complex emission properties and the performances of corresponding CP-OLEDs. Here we show that, by incorporating the chiral compound as emitter in the architecture of solution processed electroluminescent devices, CP emission is retained, and the efficiency of the device is comparable to reference unpolarized OLED. The observed remarkable dissymmetry values strengthen the position of chiral lanthanide-OLEDs as CP-emitting devices.
chiral optoelectronics , chiral photonics,organic light-emitting devices