Infrared plasmons in ultrahigh conductive PdCoO2 metallic oxide
Salvatore Macis, Luca Tomarchio, Silvia Tofani, Federica Piccirilli, Michele Zacchigna, Vincenzo Aglieri, Andrea Toma, Gaurab Rimal, Seongshik Oh & Stefano Lupi
PdCoO2 layered delafossite is the most conductive compound among metallic oxides, with a room-temperature resistivity of nearly 2μΩcm, corresponding to a mean free path of about 600 Å. These values represent a record considering that the charge density of PdCoO2 is three times lower than copper. Although its notable electronic transport properties, PdCoO2 collective charge density modes (i.e. surface plasmons) have never been investigated, at least to our knowledge. In this paper, we study surface plasmons in high-quality PdCoO2 thin films, patterned in the form of micro-ribbon arrays. By changing their width W and period 2W, we select suitable values of the plasmon wavevector q, experimentally sampling the surface plasmon dispersion in the mid-infrared electromagnetic region. Near the ribbon edge, we observe a strong field enhancement due to the plasmon confinement, indicating PdCoO2 as a promising infrared plasmonic material.
metallic oxidates, field enhancement, plasmon confinement