Molecular Rotors with Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) as Fluorescent Probes for the Control of Polyurethane Synthesis
In this work, the use of fluorescent molecular rotors such as 9-(2,2-dicyanovinyl)julolidine (DCVJ) and 2,3-bis(4-(phenyl(4-(1,2,2-triphenylvinyl) phenyl)amino)phenyl)fumaronitrile (TPETPAFN) was proposed for the real-time monitoring of polyurethane (PU) formation in a solution of dimethylacetamide starting with 4,4′-methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) and different polyethylene glycols (PEG400 and PEG600) as diols. Notably, relative viscosity variations were compared with fluorescence changes, recorded as a function of the polymerization progress. The agreement between these two parameters suggested the innovative use of a low-cost fluorescence detection system based on a LED/photodiode assembly directly mountable on the reaction apparatus. The general validity of the proposed experiments enabled the monitoring of polyurethane polymerization and suggested its effective applications to a variety of industrial polymers, showing viscosity enhancement during polymerization.
aggresation-induced emission, fluorescent molecular rotor